Substantia nigra pars compacta:

substantia nigra pars compacta

the part of the substantia nigra that is heavily populated with pigmented dopamine neurons, which accounts for the darkened color of the substantia nigra when seen in unstained brain tissue. The neurons of the pars compacta are more tightly packed together than those found in the pars reticulata (the other region of the substantia nigra).

Further reading: Know your brain- Substantia nigra

Know your brain - Basal ganglia

Watch this 2-Minute Neuroscience video to learn more about the substantia nigra.