midbrain nucleus that is rich in dopamine neurons. The substantia nigra supplies the basal ganglia with dopamine, and the death of dopamine neurons here is associated with the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. The substantia nigra is also involved in reward, motivation, and addiction.
Further reading: Know your brain - Substantia nigra
Watch this 2-Minute Neuroscience video to learn more about the substantia nigra.